Conveyor Rollers and How They Work


Conveyor Rollers and How They Work: A Comprehensive Guide

As a leading conveyor roller manufacturer, we understand the critical role these components play in modern logistics and production. Conveyor rollers are essential elements that facilitate the smooth and efficient movement of goods within various facilities. In this guide, we delve into the intricacies of conveyor rollers, their applications, types, and the benefits they bring to your operations.

What are Conveyor Rollers?

Conveyor rollers are cylindrical components integrated into the upper part of a conveyor frame. They are designed to move goods swiftly and efficiently from one point to another within a warehouse or production center. These rollers are a vital part of roller conveyors, which are automatic internal transport systems dedicated to the movement, accumulation, and distribution of goods to specific locations.

Applications of Conveyor Rollers

Conveyor rollers are typically made of galvanized steel and equipped with precision bearings. These characteristics enable them to move loads smoothly and reliably. With a standard spacing of about 6 inches between each roller, conveyor systems ensure a continuous, safe flow of goods between different areas of a facility, whether it’s within a warehouse or between production and storage zones.
For example, the multinational packaging solutions company ALPLA uses roller conveyors to transfer pallets between their manufacturing and storage buildings in Golborne, England. The installation of a double roller conveyor line has enabled ALPLA to achieve daily transfers of around 2,500 pallets without manual handling or heavy vehicle use.

Flexibility and Adaptability of Conveyor Rollers

Conveyor rollers can be customized to meet the specific needs of each customer. The diameter and length of the rollers can vary based on the type of load, such as pallets, boxes, or containers. For instance, to move Euro pallets, each roller typically measures 3 inches in diameter. Conveyor rollers are suitable for use in various temperature conditions, including ambient, refrigerated, and frozen environments. This versatility makes them an excellent choice for facilities like Congelados de Navarra in Fustiñana, Spain, where roller conveyors are used to move goods to and from freezer warehouses and sorting lines.

How Do Roller Conveyors Work?

The adaptability of roller conveyors allows for configurations tailored to the unique requirements of each customer, warehouse layout, unit load type, and logistics processes. Conveyor lines can be integrated with other logistics solutions, such as full pallet stackers or lifts, to enhance functionality and efficiency. Most conveyors feature a control system to guide the movement of goods, while automated facilities use warehouse management systems (WMS) to coordinate conveyor movements with other automatic elements.

Types of Roller Conveyors

Powered Roller Conveyor: This static internal transport element features a series of rollers propelled by electric motors, moving goods in a straight line over long distances.
Turntable Conveyor: This system allows for changes in the direction of the goods flow, adapting the conveyor line to the warehouse layout or designed route.
Cross Transfer Conveyor: Combining rollers and chains, this module is used to change the direction and orientation of pallets. For optimal operation, the chain segment must be 2 inches higher than the roller segment.
Additional elements like incline conveyors, hydraulic tables, and lifts can be integrated to connect different levels within a facility.

Real-World Examples of Roller Conveyors

CCV (France): Welleshaft equipped this fashion retailer’s logistics center with a roller conveyor system to streamline the movement of over 20,000 products daily. This system links the picking and consolidation areas, enhancing productivity and reliability.
EcoWipes (Poland): Roller conveyors connect the logistics facility with the production center, ensuring a constant flow of goods. The system includes a raised, covered bridge to send materials across a busy street, significantly reducing logistics operation times.
Finieco (Portugal): Welleshaft designed a conveyor system to handle demand peaks in Finieco’s automated warehouse. This solution connects production with storage, facilitating the daily transfer of 240 pallets and cutting costs while ensuring continuous product flows.


Conveyor rollers are indispensable components in modern logistics and production environments. As a leading conveyor roller manufacturer, we provide tailored solutions to meet the unique needs of our customers, enhancing efficiency, productivity, and reliability in their operations. Whether you need a system for ambient, refrigerated, or frozen conditions, our conveyor rollers are designed to deliver optimal performance in any setting.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *